Health care practices vary considerably across Amish communities and from family to family. Many Amish use modern medical services, but others turn to alternative forms of treatment. They do not cite biblical injunctions against modern health care or the latest medicines, but they do believe that God is the ultimate healer.

Compared to the non-Amish, Amish people are less likely to seek medical attention for minor aches or illnesses and more apt to use folk remedies and drink herbal teas. Although they do not object to surgery or other forms of high-tech treatment, they are less inclined to use heroic life-saving interventions, and are reticent to intervene when their elderly face terminal illness. They are, in short, more willing to yield to the mysteries of divine providence.

In addition to home remedies, members often seek other forms of unorthodox medical treatment. Their search for natural healing often leads them to vitamins, homeopathic remedies, health foods, reflexologists, and chiropractors. Some seek the services of special clinics—in Mexico and elsewhere—that offer treatments, especially for cancer, that are not authorized in the United States. Several Amish entrepreneurs operate health food stores that cater to the Amish as well as to their non-Amish neighbors. Numerous outsiders who market homeopathic treatments and questionable cure-all products seek to entice Amish customers.

Amish health habits are shaped by many cultural factors—conservative rural values, a preference for natural antidotes, a lack of information, a sense of awkwardness in high-tech settings, difficulties accessing health care, as well as a willingness to suffer and lean on the providence of God.

The Clinic for Special Children, cofounded by Dr. D. Holmes Morton near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, identifies inherited diseases and treats children who present symptoms. The clinic’s efforts have boosted health care within Amish communities and also advanced the study of genetic science. (See the Young Center website for selected journal articles about the clinic’s work and essays by Dr. Morton.)

DDC Clinic–Center for Special Needs Children in Middlefield, Ohio, provides treatment, research, and educational services to Amish and non-Amish children with inherited or metabolic disorders. The clinic, founded in 2002, is patterned after the Clinic for Special Children. Dr. Heng Wang is the medical director.

Alan R. Shuldiner, M.D., a nationally recognized endocrinologist and diabetes expert, founded the University of Maryland Amish Research Clinic in 1995 in eastern Pennsylvania. Dr. Shuldiner’s research team has conducted more than a dozen studies with the Old Order Amish, looking for genes that may cause common diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis, and heart disease. More than 6,000 Amish people have participated in the research, which has been reported in more than 50 professional scientific publications.

Additional information

  • See chapter 18, “Health and Healing,” in Donald B. Kraybill, Karen M. Johnson-Weiner, and Steven M. Nolt, The Amish. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).
  • McKusick, Victor. Medical Genetic Studies of the Amish: Selected Papers, Assembled with Commentary (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1978).

About the site

Amish Studies is an academic website developed by the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies at Elizabethtown College to provide reliable information on Amish life and culture.

Designed to assist scholars, students and the general public, the site was developed with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities as part of a collaborative research grant on Amish diversity and identity in the 20th century. The research team included principal investigator Donald B. Kraybill of Elizabethtown College (Pa.) and two co-investigators, Steven M. Nolt of Goshen College (Ind.) and Karen M. Johnson-Weiner of SUNY Potsdam (New York).

The Amish population statistics are updated annually in July. Other information will be revised and added on a periodic basis.

Recent books

The Amish book cover

Authors: Donald Kraybill, Karen Johnson-Weiner, and Steven Nolt (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013)

Renegade Amish book cover

Author: Donald Kraybill (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014)